Helsinki in brief
- Centre of Finland’s administrative, educational and cultural life
- Finance and business centre of Finland
- Founded in 1550
- Capital since 1812
- Population 650,000 (1,4 million in the metropolitan area)
- Universities: Five large institutes of higher education and research
Climate and weather
Helsinki’s climate combines characteristics of both a maritime and a continental climate. Average temperature in Helsinki in July is +17,8°C / 62°F
For the latest weather forecast, see https://en.ilmatieteenlaitos.fi/ by the Finnish Meteorological Institute.
The time zone in Helsinki is Eastern European Time (EET), 2 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+2).
Finland has two official languages, Finnish and Swedish. Street signs in Helsinki are in both languages. English is widely spoken and most Finns also master one or two other foreign languages.
Voltage: 220–240 Volts. Electrical sockets (outlets) in Finland are one of the two European standard electrical socket types: ”Type C” Europlug and ”Type E/F” Schuko.
General Emergency number for police, ambulance and fire department is 112.